In order for fruit trees to remain healthy and continue producing quality
fruits, they must be pruned for growth control purposes and also to remove
dead or diseased wood. In addition, pruning fruit trees may also stimulate
the growth of flowers and/or fruit buds. The best time for pruning, economic
wise, is early in the season as the buds begin to break. At this point, the
grower can simply pinch off the soft tissue with his/her finger. The problem
that many growers face is neglecting to properly care for their fruit trees
after planting. Careful attention to pruning will have the greatest impact
on fruit trees and their productivity.
Did you know that formative pruning of apple and pear trees should occur
during the dormant winter months ranging between November and March and
should be done during the tree's early years of life? This will help fruit
trees to develop a strong frame that is capable of holding the weight of
fruit as it begins to grow in later years. Other fruit trees, such as
cherry, plum and gages should not be pruned during the winter.
From the age of five, fruit trees need to be pruned annually. The process of
renewal pruning depends greatly on the tendency of most apple and pear trees
to produce flower buds. Fruit trees that have strong laterals on the outer
part of the tree, which also has room for growth, are best suited for this
The regulatory pruning of fruit trees is performed on the tree as a whole
and is done in an effort to keep both the tree and its environment healthy.
Regulatory pruning entails keeping the center open so that air can
circulate, removing dead or diseased wood and preventing branches from
becoming crowded while also preventing the crossing of branches.
To achieve this open form be sure to prune to the buds that are on the
outer side of the tree.
Fruit trees are popular among farmers who believe in growing their own food,
but also for those who wish to resell fruits for profit. Whether fruit trees
are your source of health food or extra cash, taking the time to care for
them in such a way that will promote both their productivity and livelihood
will be well worth the effort. For those who are truly creative and want to
get the most use of their fruit trees, there is nothing better than creating
a custom fruit basket to be given as gifts for holidays, birthdays and as
your contribution to family gatherings.
Whatever the purpose for your fruit trees, nourish them with everything that
they need in order to thrive and, when the time comes, they will produce a
product capable of doing the same for you.